AI roundup for 2022

Last Updated on Thursday, 5 January, 2023 at 12:04 pm by Andre Camilleri

Alexiei Dingli

Artificial intelligence (AI) has come a long way since its first introduction in the 1950s. It is used in several industries, from transportation to healthcare and education, to improve efficiency, accuracy, and productivity. While AI has brought about numerous positive developments, it has also raised concerns about its potential negative impacts, including job displacement and the potential for misuse. As 2022 comes to a close, it’s worth reflecting on AI’s positive and negative developments that have occurred over the past 12 months.

One of AI’s most significant positive developments has been its impact on healthcare. AI has significantly improved patient care by accurately diagnosing diseases and predicting potential health issues. For example, IBM’s Watson Health has been able to accurately diagnose and treat cancer patients with a very high success rate. In addition, using AI in electronic medical records led to error reductions and improved overall quality of patient care.

Another area where AI has made significant strides is transportation. Self-driving vehicles are becoming more common on the roads, and data shows that these vehicles have significantly lower accident rates than humans. Studies show that 94% of serious crashes are due to human error. Furthermore, autonomous cars have a much lower risk of causing accidents caused by human error, such as rear-ending another car due to inattention, compared to traditional vehicles. These types of accidents will never happen again with self-driving cars.

AI also had a significant impact on education. Online learning platforms that use AI to personalise learning experiences have become increasingly popular. Data shows that students using these platforms have higher retention rates and perform better on exams than traditional classroom learning. For example, a study by the University of Malta found that students using an AI-powered online learning platform experienced a maximum improvement of 16% compared to traditional methods.

In the business world, AI has been used to process, analyse and interpret large amounts of data, leading to more efficient and effective decision-making. Companies like Google and Amazon have been using AI to analyse customer data and improve their products and services. In addition, AI has automated specific tasks, freeing time for employees to focus on more critical work.

The financial industry has also seen significant benefits from the use of AI. It improves risk assessment and fraud detection, leading to a reduction in financial losses. For example, JPMorgan Chase has implemented an AI system that can analyse over 100 million financial transactions daily, significantly reducing fraudulent activity.

In the agriculture industry, AI has been used to optimise crop yields and improve the efficiency of farming practices. For example, using AI-powered drones to monitor crops has allowed farmers to detect issues early on and take corrective action, leading to increased crop products.

In the retail industry, AI has improved customer service and personalised shopping experiences. Companies like eBay and Amazon have implemented AI-powered chatbots to assist customers with their purchases and answer any questions. In addition, AI has been used to analyse customer data and make personalised product recommendations, leading to increased customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Finally, AI has been used in manufacturing to improve operations. Companies like General Electric and Toyota have implemented AI systems to monitor production processes and identify areas for improvement. It led to increased efficiency and waste reduction, resulting in cost savings for the company.

Regarding the adverse developments of AI, one primary concern is the potential loss of jobs due to automation. According to the European Union’s labour statistics, the number of jobs replaced by AI has steadily increased over the past year. While some argue that employers can retrain displaced workers for new jobs, others worry about the long-term economic consequences of such widespread job loss.

Another concern is the potential use of AI for malicious purposes. As AI becomes more advanced, companies are starting to use it for facial recognition and surveillance tasks. While these technologies can have legitimate uses, there is a risk that governments or private companies could abuse them to invade people’s privacy or even control and manipulate individuals.

In conclusion, AI has seen positive and negative developments in the past year. While there are certainly concerns about the likely negative consequences of AI, it is clear that it has the potential to bring about significant benefits in a wide range of industries. As we move forward, we must continue to monitor and address AI’s negative impacts while embracing its many positive developments. It will be crucial for policymakers, industry leaders, and all citizens to work together to ensure that the benefits derived from AI reach everyone while mitigating potential negative consequences. By carefully considering the potential impacts of AI and taking appropriate steps to address them, we can harness the power of this technology to create a better future for all.

Prof Alexiei Dingli is a renowned AI expert and Professor at the University of Malta. With over 20 years of experience in the field, he has helped numerous companies successfully implement AI solutions. His work has been recognized as world-class by international experts, and he has received numerous awards from organizations such as the European Space Agency, the World Intellectual Property Organization, and the United Nations. In addition to his considerable peer-reviewed publications, he has also been a critical member of the Malta.AI task force, working to position Malta as a global leader in AI.

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