At the end of 2019, General Government debt amounted to €5,695.6 million, or 43.1% of GDP, an increase of €51.5 million over 2018, the NSO said yesterday.
In 2019, the Financial Corporations sector held the biggest share of debt with 59.2%, followed by Households and Non-Proﬁt Institutions Serving Households (NPISH) with 23.5%. The share of the Rest of the World was 15.2%, an increase of 4.6 percentage points over the debt held in 2016.
“The Non-Financial Corporations sector held 2.1% of the debt. Debt Securities, which include Malta Government Stocks and Treasury Bills, are by far the preferred debt instrument for General Government, with €4,915.5 million or 86.3% of the total debt in 2019. Other debt instruments consist of Loans and Currency, with 7% and 6.7% respectively. The increases reported under Currency in 2017, 2018 and 2019 relate to the introduction of the 62+ Malta Government Savings Bonds.”
Almost all the debt owed by the General Government Sector is in national currency, the NSO said. “The stock of debt in foreign currencies has decreased considerably over the years and in 2019 it amounted to €0.1 million. The apparent cost of debt, which is the interest rate applicable to the whole nominal debt, was 3.2% in 2019 compared to 3.8% for 2016. “This measure of the cost of debt reﬂects the interest rates prevailing at the issuance date and given that the composition of debt is predominantly long-term, the indicator is not very sensitive to the most recent low interest rate scenario.”
For 2019, the market value of the total General Government debt is estimated at €6,940.8 million compared to the nominal value of €5,695.6 million, the NSO explained. “On account of the positive performance of the Debt Securities in the local ﬁnancial market, the market debt increased by €388.1 million over 2018, as compared to an increase of €51.5 million in nominal debt.”
For the year under review, the time structure of the debt by initial maturity shows that €3,036.4 million, or 53.3%, was issued with a maturity of 15 to 30 years. “This was followed by debt issued for 5 to 7 years (12.6%), 10 to 15 years (10.3%), 1 to 5 years (7.8%) and 7 to 10 years and less than 1 year (both at 7.3%).”
The average remaining maturity of total debt for 2019 was 8 years 10 months, the same level as in 2018 but 10 months shorter than in 2016, the NSO said. “In 2019, the biggest share of debt by remaining maturity was in the 1 to 5-year category with €1,605.4 million, followed by the 10 to 15-year (€1,303.9 million) and the less than 1-year (€873.7 million) categories.”
“Government guarantees on borrowing amounted to €990.3 million in 2019, or 7.5% of GDP, a decrease of €80.8 million over 2018. The majority of Government guarantees are issued to the Non-Financial Corporations sector, which accounts for 73.3% of the total guarantees. The Financial Corporations and NPISH sectors beneﬁtted from 25.7% and 1%, respectively, of Government guarantees.”
The Government guarantees are contingent liabilities, contingent on the actual call of the guarantee, and therefore these do not form part of General Government debt.